Energy producers apply to the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) or the Swedish Energy Agency to have its power plant approved for the issue of electricity certificates.
Who can apply for the issue of electricity certificates?
From 1 January 2016 the following power plants are eligible for electricity certificates:
- All power plants based on renewable energy, with start of construction after 7 September 2009
- Existing power plants based on renewable energy that permanently increase their power production, with start of construction after 7 September 2009
- All new hydro power plants with start of construction after 1 January 2004.
A Power plant cannot be approved for the issue of electricity certificates until the application has been completed and the power plant commissioned. The Norwegian or Swedish state issue electricity certificates to energy producers for each megawatt hour (MWh) they produce. The electricity certificates can thereafter be sold and the producer will receive extra income in addition to the electricity price.
Electricity certificates are issued on the 15th of each month, based on the energy production in the previous month as reported by grid owners and energy producers with a responsibility to report metered values.
Certificates are issued to the producer's electricity certificate account in the Norwegian or Swedish electricity certificates: NECS or Cesar.
New plants and production increases in existing plants are eligible for electricity certificates for 15 years, although not after the end of 2035.