The electricity certificate market is financed by electricity customers
If the market participant with quota obligations is an energy supplier, the cost of electricity certificates are included in the electricity customers' bills. In this way energy customers in Sweden and Norway help to pay for the development of energy production from renewable energy sources. Energy-intensive industries have an electricity certificate cost linked to that proportion of their electricity consumption that is not used in production process.
Household customers with an annual electricity consumption of 20,000 kWh in Norway and Sweden paid an average of NOK 390 and NOK 520, exclusive of VAT, respectively, for electricity certificates in 2015.